Tudors and Stuarts

Elizabeth I and the first English lottery

Elizabeth I and the first English lottery (where everybody won a prize!)

On the 11th January 1569, the first recorded lottery was drawn in England under Elizabeth I.

An overview of the decisive Battle of Gravelines during the Spanish Armada

The Battle of Gravelines, the decisive battle of the Spanish Armada, took place off the coast of Flanders.

James I of Scotland

James VI of Scotland: the 13 month old king

On the 29th July 1567, James VI was crowned king of Scotland when he was just 13 months old.

Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

The execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

On the 8th February 1587 Mary Stuart, more commonly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed in the great hall of Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire.

Arrest of Guy Fawkes during the Gunpowder Plot

The Gunpowder Plot and the discovery of Guy Fawkes

On the 5th November 1605, the Gunpowder Plot was foiled when Guy or Guido Fawkes was discovered guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder that had been placed in an undercroft below the House of Lords in London.

Pendle Witches

Why were the trials of the Pendle Witches in 1612 so significant?

On the 18th August 1612, the trials of nine Lancashire women and two men known as the Pendle Witches began.

Execution of Sir Walter Raleigh

Why was Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded in 1618?

On 29th October 1618 Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded for treason against James I in the Main Plot.

Petition of Right

What was the significance of the Petition of Right?

On the 7th June 1628, the Petition of Right was approved by King Charles I.

Arrest of the Five Members

Why did Charles I attempt and (fail) to arrest the Five Members of Parliament?

On the 4th January 1642, Charles I attempted and failed to arrest the Five Members of Parliament, prompting the English Civil War and his own eventual execution for treason.

Battle of Naseby

How did the Battle of Naseby affect the English Civil War?

On the 14th June 1645 the Battle of Naseby, a decisive engagement of the English Civil War, was fought between the Royalist army of King Charles I and the Parliamentarian New Model Army.