Russia and the USSR 1905-1941

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

On the 3rd March 1918 the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between Russia and the Central Powers.

Animated summary of the Russian Civil War

Shooting of the Romanov family

Overview of the shooting of the Romanov family

In the early hours of the 17th July 1918 the Russian Imperial Romanov family were shot dead in the basement of the Ipatiev House in the Russian city of Ekaterinburg.

Lenin shot

Lenin shot in failed assassination attempt, 30th Aug 1918

On the 30th August 1918, Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – better known as Lenin – was the victim of a failed assassination plot.


The origins and activities of the Cheka under the Bolsheviks

On the 20th December 1917, the Russian Bolshevik secret police known as the Cheka was established.

History File – Bolshevik Russia

New Economic Policy

Why did Lenin introduce the New Economic Policy in 1921?


The Foundation of the USSR, 1922

On the 30th December 1922, the USSR – the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – was founded.

Trotsky expelled from the Communist Party

Why was Trotsky expelled from the Communist Party in 1927?

Trotsky had been a key figure in the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.


Why did Stalin order the ‘liquidation of the kulaks as a class’? Revision video.