Podcasts

Interwar

International Relations 1919-45 revision – quick links

Podcast LinkContent description

The Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference

The ‘Big Three’ and their different aims. Reference to the attitude of people at home, the effect of the war, and the arguments for and against treating Germany harshly.

The terms and effects of the Treaty of Versailles

The terms of the Treaty and an assessment of Germany’s reaction. How to approach an exam question about ‘how fair’ the Treaty of Versailles really was.

The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles

A shorter podcast that condenses the content of the previous two on the aims of the Big Three at the Conference and the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

The Other WW1 Peace Treaties
(St Germain, Trianon, Neuilly and Sèvres)

The terms the treaties of St Germain with Austria, Neuilly with Bulgaria, Trianon with Hungary, and Sèvres with Turkey.

The League of Nations in the 1920s

The successes and failures of the League of Nations in the 1920s, along with suggested ways to approach these in IGCSE and GCSE History exams.

The League of Nations in the 1930s

The major events of the 1930s for the League of Nations including the Manchuria Crisis, the World Disarmament Conference and the Abyssinia Crisis.

The Road to World War II, 1933-39

The events in the run-up to World War 2 including Hitler's actions and the policy of Appeasement.

German involvement in the Spanish Civil War

What the Spanish Civil War was, why Germany got involved, and what they contributed. Originally created for CIE IGCSE History students, but relevant to all students who want to know more about this topic.
The 14 Points

Woodrow Wilson’s announcement of the 14 Points in 1918

On the 8th January 1918, United States President Woodrow Wilson made a speech to Congress in which he outlined his principles for world peace, known as the Fourteen Points.

The Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference

This revision podcast is aimed at GCSE and IGCSE History students, although AS and IB History students may find it helpful.  The episode focuses on the background to the Paris Peace Conference. You may also wish to look through the Paris Peace Conference PowerPoint.

The revision podcast outlines the ‘Big Three’ (David Lloyd George, George Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson) and the different aims that they each had. Their aims are explained with reference to the attitude of people at home, the effect of the war, and the arguments for and against treating Germany harshly. Specific details are given of the 14 Points, along with disagreements between the three leaders.

          

The Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference

The terms and effects of the Treaty of Versailles

This GCSE and IGCSE History revision podcast focuses on the terms and effects of the Treaty of Versailles.  You may also wish to look through the Paris Peace Conference PowerPoint. In this IGCSE and GCSE History revision podcast, the mnemonic GARGLE is used to outline the terms of the Treaty of Versailles:

  • Guilt
  • Arms
  • Reparations
  • German Territory
  • League of Nations

This is followed by an assessment of Germany’s reaction, and presents a number of specific examples that could be used to explain why Germany was unhappy with the terms. The final part of the podcast looks at how to approach an exam question about ‘how fair’ the Treaty of Versailles really was.  This is done by presenting evidence for and against the Treaty that could be used in an answer.

          

The Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference

The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles

This is a short revision podcast which presents an overview of the Paris Peace Conference the Treaty of Versailles.

For more detailed revision podcasts, you should instead see the specific podcasts on The Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference and The Treaty of Versailles.

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Treaty of Trianon with Hungary

The terms and effects of the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary

The Treaty of Trianon was signed between Hungary and most of the Allies of the First World War.

Other peace treaties

The ‘Other’ WW1 Peace Treaties overview video

This GCSE and IGCSE History revision podcast focuses on the post-war treaties of St Germain with Austria, Neuilly with Bulgaria, Trianon with Hungary, and Sèvres with Turkey. They are often overshadowed by the Treaty of Versailles, but the four treaties had an enormous effect on Europe and the Middle East in the interwar period. This podcast is designed to give an overview of the terms of these treaties with Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria as well as exploring the specific effects of the Treaty of Sèvres with Turkey.

     

Scapa Flow

Why did the Germans scuttle their fleet at Scapa Flow in 1919?

On the 21st June 1919, Admiral Ludwig von Reuter ordered the scuttling of the German High Seas naval fleet in Scapa Flow, a large natural harbor in the Orkney Islands in Scotland.

Weimar Constitution

The signing of the Weimar Republic’s constitution

The Weimar Republic was officially established on 11th August 1919, when Friedrich Ebert signed the new constitution into law.

Occupation of the Ruhr

Why did France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr in 1923?

On the 11th January 1923, French and Belgian troops marched into Germany and occupied the industrial Ruhr area.