GCSE and IGCSE History Revision

Question and answer icon

‘Question and Answer’ booklets for GCSE topics

These ‘question and answer’ booklets have been created to go alongside the revision podcasts on this website, but can be used on their own in a variety of ways:

  • Distribute them to students to act as a very rudimentary ‘knowledge organiser’
  • Students cover the answers for self-testing at home or in class
  • Teachers use them as the basis for low-stakes testing and factual recall quizzes

Booklets will gradually be added for each of the revision podcasts on MrAllsopHistory.com. Click the links below to download the booklets that are currently available.

International Relations 1919-1939

The Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference

The Treaty of Versailles

The League of Nations in the 1920s

The League of Nations in the 1930s

The Road to World War II, 1933-39

International Relations after 1945 revision

The origins of the Cold War

Weimar and Nazi Germany

Weimar Germany 1919-1929

The Rise of Hitler 1919-1929

The Rise of Hitler 1929-1934

Nazi Control of Germany 1933-1945

exam tips

Exam skills – quick revision links

Podcast Link

Content description

Succeeding at Sourcework

Tips and tricks to answer GCSE and IGCSE History sourcework questions accurately. Many of the hints are good practice with for any sourcework paper. The guide covers sourcework questions on: Comprehension, Comprehension in Context, Reliability/Usefulness/Value, Source Comparisons, Interpretation.

IGCSE History Paper 2

Guidance and advice for answering questions on CIE IGCSE History Paper 2 (the source paper) by looking at how marks are awarded, and comments from the examiner's report.

IGCSE History Paper 4

Advice for students answering questions on Paper 4 of the CIE IGCSE History exam (alternative to coursework) which focuses on your chosen Depth Study.
Interwar

International Relations 1919-45 revision – quick links

Podcast LinkContent description

The Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference

The ‘Big Three’ and their different aims. Reference to the attitude of people at home, the effect of the war, and the arguments for and against treating Germany harshly.

The terms and effects of the Treaty of Versailles

The terms of the Treaty and an assessment of Germany’s reaction. How to approach an exam question about ‘how fair’ the Treaty of Versailles really was.

The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles

A shorter podcast that condenses the content of the previous two on the aims of the Big Three at the Conference and the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

The Other WW1 Peace Treaties
(St Germain, Trianon, Neuilly and Sèvres)

The terms the treaties of St Germain with Austria, Neuilly with Bulgaria, Trianon with Hungary, and Sèvres with Turkey.

The League of Nations in the 1920s

The successes and failures of the League of Nations in the 1920s, along with suggested ways to approach these in IGCSE and GCSE History exams.

The League of Nations in the 1930s

The major events of the 1930s for the League of Nations including the Manchuria Crisis, the World Disarmament Conference and the Abyssinia Crisis.

The Road to World War II, 1933-39

The events in the run-up to World War 2 including Hitler's actions and the policy of Appeasement.

German involvement in the Spanish Civil War

What the Spanish Civil War was, why Germany got involved, and what they contributed. Originally created for CIE IGCSE History students, but relevant to all students who want to know more about this topic.
Cold War

International Relations after 1945 revision – quick links

Podcast LinkContent Description

The Origins of the Cold War

The relationship between the USA and the USSR following the Second World War. Includes Stalin’s control of eastern Europe, Truman Doctrine, Marshall Aid, Berlin Blockade.

Hungary 1956 & Czechoslovakia 1968

The revolts in Hungary 1956 and Czechoslovakia 1968. Details of the two uprisings are given in overview, and then the two events are assessed for similarities and differences.

The Cuban Missile Crisis

Castro’s Cuba, the U2 photos and the missile bases, Kennedy’s choices, and the eventual resolution of the crisis.

American Involvement in Vietnam

The reasons for the USA’s involvement in Vietnam, the way the war was fought, and how and why America pulled out.

Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe

Solidarity, Gorbachev, and the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe.
Saddam Hussein

The Rise of Saddam Hussein

This revision podcast is aimed at GCSE and IGCSE History students, although AS and IB students may find it a helpful introduction to events in the Gulf in the later 20th Century.  This episode focuses on the factors that allowed Saddam Hussein to come to power in Iraq in 1979.

The podcast breaks Saddam’s rise to power into three key areas: his dominance of the Ba’ath Party, a series of social and economic policies that benefited the vast majority of Iraqis, and a ruthless system of terror and repression that dealt with anyone who dared to oppose him.

The revision guide aims to give clear examples for each of these factors, and explain how each of them contributed to Saddam’s rise to power.

     

Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein’s Rule of Iraq

This revision podcast is relevant to both GCSE and IGCSE History students, although AS and IB students may find it a helpful introduction to events in the Gulf in the later 20th Century.  This episode aims explain the factors that allowed Saddam Hussein to maintain his rule of Iraq after he became President in 1979.

The podcast breaks Saddam’s rule into three key areas: his control of the Ba’ath party, his use of repression and violence against his enemies, and his use of economic and social policy alongside propaganda to maintain the support of the population.

The revision guide aims to give clear examples for each of these factors, and explain how each of them contributed to Saddam remaining in power for a quarter of a century.

     

Iranian Revolution 1979

Why was there a revolution in Iran in 1979?

This revision podcast is relevant to both GCSE and IGCSE History students, , although AS and IB students may find it a helpful introduction to events in the Gulf in the later 20th Century.  The aim is to present an explanation of the factors that led to the Iranian Revolution in 1979.

The podcast explores three key factors:

  • Dissatisfaction with Shah’s government and his handling of the economic and social problems in Iran
  • A widespread anti-Western attitude as a result of the Shah’s close relationship with Britain and the USA
  • The role and impact of Ayatollah Khomeini

The revision guide aims to give clear examples for each of these factors, and explain how they contributed to the revolution that transformed Iran into a theocracy.

     

Last Shah of Iran

The overthrow of the Shah in the Iranian Revolution, 1979

On the 11th February 1979 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, was overthrown as a result of the Iranian Revolution. His overthrow saw the end of the 2,500 year old monarchy in Iran and ushered in a theocracy overseen by the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Under the Shah, Iran enjoyed immense wealth built on an abundant supply of oil, although the vast majority of the population continued to live in poverty. The Shah, who had come to power in 1941, tried to secure support by using oil money to modernize Iran. However these reforms, known as the ‘White Revolution’ were interpreted by some as pandering to Western ideals that went against Iran’s traditions.

Despite the establishment of the brutal SAVAK secret police, a growing number of Iranians were increasingly turning against the Shah. They found a leader in the Muslim scholar Ayatollah Khomeini who, despite being forced into exile in 1964, continued to be a vocal critic of the Shah’s government. He played down his intention to establish an Islamic government, focusing instead on his desire to overthrow the Shah.

On September 8th 1978, over 500 people were killed by soldiers on what became known as ‘Black Friday’. The Shah’s attempts to restore calm had no effect on the public, who continued to call for his removal.

Recognising that his overthrow was becoming inevitable, the Shah and his wife left Iran on January 15 for the USA. Khomeini returned to Iran two weeks later. Finally, on the 11th February the Supreme Military Council ordered all troops back to their barracks, effectively handing control to Khomeini and his supporters.

Iran-Iraq War

Causes and Consequences of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88

This revision podcast is relevant to both GCSE and IGCSE History students, although AS and IB students may find it a helpful introduction to events in the Gulf in the later 20th Century.

The podcast looks at three key factors:

  • The different causes of the war, including Iran’s threat to Saddam’s regime, the opportunity for Iraq to gain territory and oil, and timing
  • The nature of how the war was fought, including the impact of foreign powers
  • The consequences of the war for each nation

The revision guide aims to give clear examples for each of these factors, and explain how students might approach a question on them in the exam.

     

kuwait_invasion_map

Origins of the First Gulf War

This revision podcast is aimed at GCSE and IGCSE History students, although AS and IB students may find it a helpful introduction to events in the Gulf in the later 20th Century.  This episode focuses on the origins of the Gulf War, with a focus on the causes and consequences of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990.

The podcast begins with an overview of the background factors to the invasion of Kuwait, and then outlines the events of the invasion itself. The podcast concludes with a description of the effect that the invasion had on the international community, and how foreign nations responded.

The revision guide aims to give clear examples for each of these issues, and provide an explanation of how the events contributed to international action against Iraq that was to become known as the First Gulf War.