Tag Archives: women

The first phase of the French Revolution, 1789 – 91

This revision podcast is designed for students studying the French Revolution.  Beginning with the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, this episode explores the first phase of the revolution up to the summer of 1791.  Beginning with the August Decrees and the Declaration of the Rights of Man, it goes on to explore the challenges faced by the Constituent Assembly.  The terms of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy are explained before going on to present an overview of the terms of the Constitution published in September.  The podcast then explores the challenges to the revolution including the emigrées, divisions between the Jacobins and the Girondins, and the role of foreign powers.  The episode concludes with an overview of the Flight to Varennes and the demonstration at the Champs de Mars.

          

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Nazi Propaganda

Life in Nazi Germany 1933-1945

This GCSE and IGCSE level revision podcast looks at experiences of three broad groups in Nazi Germany – young people, women and families, and the persecution of minorities.

This episode opens with an overview of the ways in which the Nazis reorganised systems for young people in order to secure their support from an early age.  Reference is made to changes in education and the introduction of Nazi youth organisations such as the Hitler Youth and the League of German Maidens.  These, combined with propaganda that was often targeted at young people, secured the support of large numbers of children in Nazi Germany.  However, some young people remained opposed to the Nazis so the podcast also outlines the actions of the Swing Movement and the Edelweiss Pirates.

The second part of the podcast describes the role of women and families within Nazi society.  Opening with an overview of the extent of traditional ideas about the role of women in Germany at the time, it goes on to explain the effect of the Nazi removal of women from a range of jobs and the introduction of policies to encourage women to stay at home to become ‘homemakers’ and raise a family.

The final section of this episode broadly describes the experience of minority groups under the Nazis.  This focuses on the persecution of racial minorities, but also makes reference to so-called ‘undersirables’ who did not, according to the Nazi ideal of the ‘perfect German’, contribute to German society.

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Suffragettes

Women and the right to vote

This revision podcast aims to explain the different factors that contributed to women gaining the right to vote in Britain.

The podcast is split into two main sections – the effect of the Suffragists and the Suffragettes on the movement for votes for women, and the role of women in the First World War.

The first part begins by outlining the origins and methods of the Suffragists, which are then contrasted with the methods of the more forthright Suffragette movement.  The effects of their actions are assessed, with particular consideration given to the impact on government officials and wider public opinion as the Suffragette campaign resorted to hunger-strikes in prison.

The second part of the presents an overview of the role of women in World War One.  A short description is given of the role of women on boosting the number of recruits for the army, followed by an assessment of the the effect of women who entered the workplace to take up jobs that had been vacated by men going off to fight.  To revise how the First World War affected the rest of the population, check out the podcast about British civilians in the First World War.

The podcast ends with a description of the Representation of the People Act, which marked a shift in British politics to begin giving women a voice.

You may wish to also download the Women and the Right to Vote PowerPoint, and can test yourself using the Votes for Women practice questions.

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Suffragette

The foundation of the Women’s Social & Political Union

On the 10th October 1903 the Women’s Social and Political Union, whose members came to be known as suffragettes, was founded at the Manchester home of Sylvia and Emmeline Pankhurst.

Frustrated by the lack of progress made by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies from whom the group had split, the WSPU soon became known for its militant and sometimes violent actions under the motto “Deeds, not words”.

The WSPU did not seek universal suffrage, rather votes for women on the same basis as votes for men. Considering many men at the time were denied the vote due to the property qualifications, the proposals by the WSPU were seen by some not as “votes for women” but “votes for ladies”. The WSPU even split from the Labour Party after Labour voted in favour of universal suffrage, leading the suffragettes to became more explicitly middle-class.

However, the actions of the suffragettes soon brought into question the traditional ideas of ladylike behavior as they were routinely arrested for various activities that were designed to shock the refined members of the establishment. It was to distinguish these actions from the more genteel suffrage groups that the Daily Mail newspaper reporter Charles Hands coined the term ‘suffragette’ to describe members of the WSPU.

Actions such as window breaking and arson routinely saw members of the WSPU imprisoned, where they would often go on hunger strike and be subjected to force-feeding by the authorities. However, the best known action is probably that of Emily Davison who was killed after stepping in front of the King’s horse at the 1913 Epsom Derby.

The British Home Front in WW1

The role of women in the First World War